psychosurgery.

psychosurgery.

Question 1.1. (TCOs 1, 2) Participants in research early in psychology’s history might have been asked to view a chair and describe its color, shape, texture, and other aspects of their conscious experience. These individuals would have been using a method called (Points : 2)

hypnosis

objective introspection.

psychosurgery.

psychoanalysis.

Question 2.2. (TCO 4)  As part of a psychology experiment, Brett decides to measure a person’s “anxiety” by noting the number of blinks a person makes in a 20-minute social interaction with a stranger. Brett appears to have offered a(n) _____ of anxiety. (Points : 2)

variable

operational definition

theory

hypothesis

Question 3.3. (TCOs 2, 3)  Marta was in an automobile accident and suffered an injury to her brain, resulting in the paralysis of her left arm. What part of Marta’s brain was injured?(Points : 2)

Auditory association area

Motor cortex

Association areas

Somatosensory cortex

Question 4.4. (TCOs 2, 3)  A group of axons bundled together coated in myelin that travels together through the body is called a (Points : 2)

synaptic vesicle

nerve

neurilemma

myelinated pathway.

Question 5.5. (TCOs 2, 3)  _____ synapses make it more likely that a neuron will send its message to other neurons, whereas _____ synapses make it less likely that a neuron will send its message. (Points : 2)

Excitatory; inhibitory

Inhibitory; excitatory

Augmentation; depletion

Depletion; augmentation

Question 6.6. (TCO 4)  Which of the following phenomena is a function of the distribution of the rods and cones in the retina? (Points : 2)

The moon looks much larger near the horizon than it looks when it is higher in the sky.
The light from distant stars moving rapidly away from us is shifted toward the red end of the spectrum.

Stars can be seen only with difficulty during the daytime

A dim star viewed at night may disappear when you look directly at it, but reappear when you look to one side of it.

Question 7.7. ( TCO 4)  What are the five primary tastes? (Points : 2)

Hot, sour, spicy, sweet, origami

Salty, sour, spicy, sweet, tart

Bitter, salty, sour, sweet, umami

Peppery, salty, sour, sweet, acidic

Question 8.8. (TCO 4) Dizziness, nausea, and disorientation may result if the information from the eyes conflicts a little too much with that from the vestibular organs, according to the _____ of motion sickness. (Points : 2

sensory conflict theory

motor conflict theory

vestibular conflict theory

semicircular canal conflict theory

Question 9.9. (TCO 5) Judith is startled when her 6-year-old daughter, Laura, sleepwalks into the family room. It is most likely that Laura is experiencing the _____ stage of the sleep cycle. (Points : 2)

REM

first

second

fourth

Question 10.10. (TCO 5) A client tells his therapist about a dream of riding on a train with his boss. At the end of the journey, the boss gets off the train at a terminal. The content of this dream, as related by the client to the therapist, is what Freud called its _____. (Points : 2)

primary content

manifest content

secondary content

latent content

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